Australian Public School Information – Page 123 – All you need to know about Australian Public School, including catchment/zone/boundary information.

My journey through “Educational Opportunity in Australia 2015” (The Senior School Years) Part 4

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I have a pounding headache for some reason and probably will be a little brief on this particular blog. Which one of you remembered the high school years? I personally had a good time and felt what has been learned was useful in laying the foundation for my future studies.

Those with Year 12 have a greater likelihood of continuing with further study, particularly in higher education, as well as entering the workforce. They also have better prospects of good health, employment and welfare, as well as improvements in the ability to participate socially and economically in their communities. At a broader level, Year 12 attainment contributes to the development of a skilled workforce, and in turn, to ongoing economic development and improved living conditions. #1

Now let’s get down to some stats and interesting data

Only 60.6 per cent of young people from the lowest socio-economic status backgrounds completed Year 12 or its equivalent. The rates of attainment increase with each rise in socio-economic status, reaching 89.1 per cent for those in the highest decile. #2

Young people  from families in which the main language spoken at home is not English – are more likely to complete school than those whose main language at home is English; the difference is about 11 percentage points (83.4 per cent vs 72 per cent). This finding is in line with research showing that even though the average educational attainment of parents in non-English-speaking families is often lower than their native English-speaking peers, they have higher educational aspirations for their children and place a premium on completing Year 12 as a way of enhancing their children’s future prospects (Miller & Volker, 1987). There are differences based on the type of language spoken at home. The highest rates of completion are among those children whose parents speak Eastern and Southeast Asian languages (such as Chinese or Vietnamese languages). #3

The main factor influencing achievement is social background. Seventy per cent of the variance in mathematics achievement is due to socio-economic status differences, and 74 per cent in science achievement. Socio-economic status also has a large independent influence on reading (accounting for 57 per cent of explained variance), though less than for mathematics and science, due to the effect of gender on reading achievement. #4

There of course question on what are the factors that causing difference in achievement and completion? We always know different school makes difference, but how much difference do they make? What are the other factors?

The main factor influencing achievement is social background. Seventy per cent of the variance in mathematics achievement is due to socio-economic status differences, and 74 per cent in science achievement. Socio-economic status also has a large independent influence on reading (accounting for 57 per cent of explained variance), though less than for mathematics and science, due to the effect of gender on reading achievement. #5

An analysis of the 2012 mathematical literacy results in PISA, shows that in Australia the amount of variation between schools (31 per cent) is lower than the OECD average (37 per cent). #6

The analysis also found that more than half of the performance differences observed across students in different schools can be accounted for by socio-economic status differences between students and between schools. #7

Segregation, residualisation and division of labour

Low-socio-economic status communities in Australia are largely served by government schools. Just on 77.5 per cent of students from the most socially disadvantaged backgrounds (lowest socio-economic status quintile) attend government schools (Panel 1). Conversely, only 37.5 per cent of the most advantaged students (top socio-economic status quintile) attend government schools. Just over 35 per cent attend independent schools and a further 27.2 per cent attend Catholic schools. #8

Nationally, government schools enrol 59.3 per cent of secondary school students, but they have the largest share of students with disabilities (76.4 per cent), Indigenous students (79.4 per cent), and the lowest mathematics achievers (76.2 per cent). There is therefore a very uneven division of labour across school sectors in terms of schooling-disadvantaged secondary school age Australians. There is also a segregation of the population based on these characteristics. #9

Additionally, there is the impact of family aspirations. Government schools form a market, in which schools that have not reached their enrolment limit allow families to make choices, bypassing some schools in favour of others. The movement of students from aspirational families to desirable schools in both the government and non-government sectors leaves schools in some communities with residues of concentrated poverty or students with higher needs, making it harder for these schools to achieve the same outcomes for students. #10

The high levels of segregation of students in Australia, due in large part to residential segregation and the sector organisation of schools, tend to reinforce patterns of inequality and strengthen differences in school performance. This means that students from disadvantaged socio-economic status backgrounds tend to do worse because of the extent of segregation. #11

I can personally attest to this segregation and residualisation affect in the government schools. I attended a none selection government secondary school on the edge of inner west Sydney and over the years, the school slowly attracted a number of high performers from a number of schools located in western Sydney. At end of year 12, large percentage of top performers do not actually reside in the actual school catchment.

Writing must be like driving an elixir of healing, my headache actually mostly cleared up, maybe I should do this more often.

#1 to #11 Educational opportunity in Australia 2015







My journey through “Educational Opportunity in Australia 2015” (The Middle Years) Part 3

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I am picking my way through the study and there again is so much tasty information and data. The milestone for the middle years is measured at year 7 and I think also is a good point, as it is the transition between the primary and secondary education. In a sense, things are starting to become more serious education wise. It is the stage you start to develop important learning skills and the fundamental skills that are useful throughout your life.

 The early to middle years of schooling are also a time when important foundations for learner progress through the education system are laid and consolidated. Many learners acquire fundamental skills that form the foundations of subsequent learning and academic achievement, and discover their interests and talents across a wide ranging curriculum. Learners also develop a self-concept as learners and orientation to school, which are shaped by, and help to shape, their chances of success.  #1

First except on who reaches the milestones in the middle years from the study

 The highest-achieving group constitutes learners with at least one parent with a university degree, of whom 86.8 per cent meet this milestone, compared to just over half of learners whose parents’ highest level of education is below Year 12 (50.5 per cent). #2

Who is missing out

The differences in learner progress according to parental education generally increase across states and territories as the ratio of lowest-qualified to highest-qualified adults in the population increases.8 States and territories with a higher proportion of degree-qualified adults, relative to adults who have not completed Year 12, tend to show smaller achievement gaps between their children at Year 7. This suggests that the effects of parental education on learner achievement may be compounded in systems with higher concentrations of low parental education, but mitigated in systems where a higher proportion of learners come from more highly-educated families. #3

For learners with a degree qualified parent, the proportion not meeting the milestone increased by only 4.3 percentage points in reading between Year 3 2010 and Year 7 2014, and only 1.7 percentage points in numeracy over the same period. In contrast, learners whose parents had not attained education above Year 11 showed an increase of 10.5 percentage points in the proportion below the benchmark in reading, and an increase of 8.6 percentage points in numeracy. This suggests that the Australian education system does not adequately mitigate the adverse effects of lower parental education levels on educational opportunity, and in fact, appears to exacerbate them. #4

Those who improve and those who left behind

A more consistent pattern emerged according to socio-economic status. Learners in the lowest socio-economic status quintile were not only the most likely to miss both milestones at school entry and Year 7, but the most likely to fall below the expected standard by Year 7, despite having been on track at entry to school. The group most likely to get back on track during this period were learners in the middle socio-economic status quintile, while the vast majority of learners in the highest socio-economic status quintile remained on track from school entry through to Year 7 (75 per cent). Regression analysis indicates that the differences shown in geographic locations in this analysis can be almost entirely explained by differences in socio-economic status. #5

For learners who were not school-ready(Meeting the early year milestone), socio-economic status was the most powerful factor in determining their chances of getting back on track. Almost three-quarters of the learners who started school below the benchmark were on track by Year 7 in the highest socio-economic status quintile (73.1 per cent), compared to around one-third of such learners in the lowest socio-economic status quintile (33.8 per cent). The chances of recovering from a poor start to school, and of staying on track for learners who were school-ready, both increased steadily along with socio-economic status. #6

Importance of School

Government schools serving primary-age students draw over half their students from the lowest two quartiles of socio educational advantage (53.8 per cent). The importance of government schools in serving disadvantaged learners, which shows that almost four in five primary-age learners in the lowest ICSEA quartile attend government schools (79.6 per cent). #7

The social and educational backgrounds of students, as measured by ICSEA, has strong effects on school performance, independently of other school-level characteristics. #8

Prior research using student-level NAPLAN data suggests that most of the variation in student NAPLAN outcomes (70–80 per cent) can be attributed to differences in student individual attributes (CIRES, 2015). There nevertheless remains a significant proportion of variation in outcomes that can be attributed to school-level factors, with the size of this effect increasing significantly as learners progress from primary to secondary school (ibid.). #9

The segregation of Australian students across sectors, and the compounding effects of having disadvantaged students in disadvantaged schools, suggests that learner and family choices about schools in Australia are having detrimental effects on the level of equity within the system, and placing those who are missing out at a further disadvantage. #10

I want to stress particular the part about importance of school, significant difference of performance can be attributed to the school. The difference varies between states, but for NSW it is 26% to 31% of the variation of the outcome is due to the school. To put this simply, attending a better school lends a degree of advantage in achieving better result.

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My journey through “Educational Opportunity in Australia 2015” (Introduction and Early Years) Part 2

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Still going over the study, I have not been able to update as frequently on this as I had originally wished. I was intending to get this series out as soon as possible, but with the work and home responsibilities intensifying headings towards Christmas look like I will just have to take my time on it.

In today’s blog I will go over the introduction and early years of this excellent study. A lot of what has been said in this study really put things we already know and understand into tangible words. No idea why I get so excited reading what many probably think is a boring study, but so far I am really enjoyed the read. Why do we have and need universal education?

 Universal access to early childhood, primary and secondary education, a robust system of apprenticeships and vocational education and an extensive public university sector should work to provide opportunities for all young Australians to do well, irrespective of who they are, where they live or what school they attend. #1

Education should work well for all children because it is through education that young people gain access to society and in turn contribute to helping others. If education does not work well for young people, their access to society is impaired and their capacity to contribute is diminished. #2

The strength of a system can also be measured by how well it provides for diversity in circumstances and adjusts around needs in order to help those who are struggling. #3

In the areas of mathematics, science and reading, on average, Australian students are outperforming students from many other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries (#4). I personally also felt in general the education system is working and works well, however there are many uneven parts. Even in same city such as Sydney things are not uniform, there are significant difference in students performance. Sydney are suffering from a modern day segregation where better schools just gets better and worse performing schools rarely changes. You can almost always tell a school’s relative performance just by its geographic location in Sydney. This has a lot of long term social implications for Sydney and possibly other parts of Australia.

Early Years

This covers the point at school entry.

 A substantial body of international research suggests that learners’ readiness for school at the point of transition predicts their outcomes at subsequent stages of learning (for example, McCain & Mustard, 1999). Conversely, learners who do not achieve positive outcomes in the early years are less well-equipped to take advantage of educational opportunities as they progress further through the education system. #5

Some none suprising information on who miss out on the milestones

 Differences are also evident according to socio-economic status, with just over two-thirds of learners in the lowest socio-economic status quintile meeting the milestone, compared to 84.8 per cent of learners in the highest quintile. #6

Following covers who is missing out of the milestone in the early years

Differences according to Indigenous status and socio-economic status are widest in the Language and cognitive skills (school-based) and Communication skills and general knowledge domains. This is important because these domains are strongly correlated with subsequent academic achievement at school (Brinkman et al., 2013). This suggests that differences according to socio-economic status and Indigenous status have a greater effect than gender differences in determining access to educational opportunity. #7

Language background other than English has a significant but smaller effect on the chances of not meeting the milestone at the point of entry to school. #8

Engagement in early childhood education and care and school readiness

There is some really interesting data on the effect of early childhood education and care on the school readiness. I quote some the most interesting points as following.

Eearly childhood education and care (ECEC) services performing above the national standard are likely to be instrumental in achieving the high levels of school readiness evident in their communities, while lower-performing services are likely to be less effective in preparing learners for a positive start to school. At the same time, these results are evidence of a concentration of higher-quality services in more advantaged communities. When the same analysis is repeated according to community socio-economic status, rather than the level of school readiness in the community, the differences in ECEC service quality become even more pronounced. This suggests that the highest-quality ECEC services may be serving learners from more socio-economically advantaged backgrounds, while low-socio-economic status learners are served by lower-quality services, which do not deliver the support they need to achieve designated milestones in their learning. #9

By examining performance relative to schools with a similar intake, the school performance categories isolate the effects of school readiness from the effects of other socio-educational advantages within a school community. These results suggest that the proportion of learners missing out in a community has a relationship to school performance, independent of other dimensions of socio-educational advantage. This finding is supported by previous research showing a correlation between learners’ outcomes measured by the Australian Early Development Census and their subsequent academic performance at school up to Year 7 (Brinkman et al., 2013). Higher concentrations of learners who have missed out on the opportunity to become school-ready in early childhood appears to relate to poorer performance for schools at subsequent stages of learning, suggesting the beginning of a pattern of social segregation that persists throughout Australian schooling. #10

I certainly had a lot useful and interesting information to digest on for a little while. The actual reports has other breakdown and data like percentage of boys and girls who met the milestone. There are also a host of data which are very interesting even for a casual read.

#1 to #10 Educational opportunity in Australia 2015

My journey through “Educational Opportunity in Australia 2015” Part 1

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I have encountered this landmark study a few days ago as mentioned in my Educational opportunity in Australia 2015. I have start reading the study, the key finding already contained some really interesting information. I had a browse through the study as well to see the data and information available as well. There are a sea of data to demonstrate and back up the findings in the study, also offer some really interesting insights into the Australian education in general.

I will probably try to do this in a 5 to 6 part series, to be honest I think this is still not doing justice to the data and information I had read so far. We will see how we go with it I guess. The study had broken the result into four milestone and they are as following.

  • Milestone 1: For the early years, the milestone is the proportion of children who, at the point of entry to school, are developmentally ready as measured across five domains: physical health and well being, social competence, emotional maturity, language and cognitive skills, and communication and general knowledge.
  • Milestone 2: For the middle years, it is the proportion of Year 7 students who meet or exceed international proficiency standards in academic skills.
  • Milestone 3: For the senior years, it is the proportion of young people who have completed school and attained a Year 12 certificate or equivalent.
  • Milestone 4: For early adulthood, it is the percentage of 24-year-olds who are fully engaged in education, training or work.


There are more detailed information which you can read from the full report, but I am summarizing what I think are the most important and relevant points as following.

Milestone 1: At the point of entry to school. #2

  • Learners in the lowest socio-economic quintile are 2.08 times more likely to miss out on the milestone than learners in the highest socio-economic quintile (31.7 per cent vs 15.2 per cent). These differences are greatest in the aspects of school readiness that matter most for academic achievement.
  • Of the factors that increase the risk of not meeting the milestone for readiness for school, socio-economic status has the strongest effect.

Milestone 2: Year 7 #3

  • National data on socio-economic differences are not available for this measure, but parental education provides a proxy measure. Learners whose parents did not complete Year 12 are 3.72 times more likely to be missing out on the milestone than learners with at least one parent with a university degree (49.5 per cent vs 13.3 per cent).
  • Learners begin to become separated across schools at this stage. A disproportionate share of learners at the lowest level of socio-educational advantage attends government schools (79.6 per cent).
  • Most of the variation in learner progress up to the middle years is accounted for by student-level factors, but school-level factors still exert some influence, especially social intake as measured by mean school socio-economic status.

Milestone 3: Completion of school at age of 19 #4

  • Year 12 attainment among 19-year-olds varies substantially by socio-economic background. The socio-economic status gap is a much as 28 percentage points between highest and lowest. About 40 per cent of young people from the lowest socio-economic status backgrounds do not complete Year 12 or its equivalent by age 19.
  • The nature and quality of school completion for young people varies, and this is important because it affects access to later opportunities. Only 56 per cent of young people gain an Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR) that allows competitive access to university. This is linked to student background, with socio-economic status having a strong effect.
  • Completion is linked to achievement in school. Only one in two of the lowest mathematics achievers (lowest decile) at age 15 completed Year 12 by age 19. For the highest achievers, 94.3 per cent had completed Year 12 by age 19.
  • Schools that serve largely middle-class populations do better on a range of scholastic and student outcomes. Those serving low socio-economic status communities do not do well. Segregation – the separation of populations along social, ethnic and racial lines – is a key driver.

Milestone 4: Engaged in education, training or work at age 24 #5

  • Young people who are not fully engaged in education or work are disproportionately female and from low socio-economic status backgrounds, located more often in regional and remote locations, and Indigenous.
  • Not completing Year 12 and not achieving well in school are predictors of later outcomes, though others are ‘under-attached’: despite completing Year 12 and engaging in some training and gaining some work experience, they have not progressed through further education courses or secured a stable attachment to the labour market.
  • Socio-economic background is a strong predictor of enrolment in university: two-thirds of young people from high socio-economic status backgrounds (highest quintile) enter university by their mid-20s, while only onequarter of those from disadvantaged backgrounds (lowest quintile) do. Students living in major urban areas of Australia are more likely to attend university than those living elsewhere.

I am pretty sure I covered all the most important and interesting parts from the key findings. There are already some really interesting finding and study will then goes into detail with massive amount of data. I will attempt to go through each main section and list some of the examples.

Reference: #1 to #5 Educational opportunity in Australia 2015

One more interesting study to share “Educational opportunity in Australia 2015 “

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I was just browsing news and came across this “Educational opportunity in Australia 2015“. I have downloaded the study and reading it now, it is a 100 plus page work, so it will take me some time to fully digest and understand the information inside of it. However just by going over the executive summaries and key finding, it is already shaping up to be a very interesting read.

The results show the proportions succeeding and missing out at each stage (our best estimates, based on available data). They show about six in 10 or more of all children starting school get through early and middle childhood with the kinds of academic and social skills needed for later success. The same proportions complete school and are fully engaged in education or work by their mid-20s. For this large group of young Australians, school works well and they succeed across all stages. They make the most of the opportunities our education and training system provides. #1

We all know education in general is very beneficial and higher social economical background offers an advantage in this as well. What this study did is not only affirming this and applies some solid numbers and stats to it.

But what we learn from the patterns is that young people who are missing out can recover and gain ground. Being behind at any point need not be a life sentence, even for the disadvantaged, though even here the chances of recovery and of gaining ground are still in favour of students from more advantaged backgrounds. The most advantaged learners are not only less likely to fall below expected standards in the first place but more likely to catch up again if they do.#2

The study contained a treasure trove of information and I will keep posting as I am going through it. A quick browse already got me eager to read more of it, need to sleep less and read more :).



#1 & #2: Educational opportunity in Australia 2015

Hammondville, Holsworthy and Wattle Grove Public School Catchment Map Added

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Back to the South West Sydney again and only three public school’s catchment mapped. I will probably try to slowly fill out the center of Sydney and then move slowly towards west and then finally the south west corner.

  • Hammondville Public School
  • Holsworthy Public School
  • Wattle Grove Public School

As usual contact the school in question or Department of Education for the final confirmation and you can also access the full NSW and Sydney Public School Catchment Map by following this link.

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Advantage and Disadvantage of Multi-lingual

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I recently this article “No advantage to being multi-lingual, Australian study finds” on SMH. This is another interesting one, as Australia and particular Sydney is traditionally immigrant country, just matter of when. There is also a very diverse origin of where the migrants came from. This makes sporting match fun as there is always supporters for whoever is playing and multi-lingual matter of fact for many children.

So this topic is certainly of much interest to many, the basic finding in the article is that being multi-lingual offers no advantage and disadvantage academically. This I agree with myself, provide the person in question is proficient in English, it is certainly case for all my friends. This in my experience generally holds true for kids who come before high school, for the older kids they tend to suffer a little with the humanitarian subjects which is not surprising.

Whilst being multi-lingual offers no advantage academically, it certainly offers a lot of advantages later on in your life. A couple of my friends secured excellent jobs with promising career due to their multi-lingual skills, these are positions they would have never secured without the proficiency in other languages.

For many children of immigrants in Australia, speaking the same language as their parents offers the closeness in relationship sometimes very difficult to achieve otherwise. I also had friends that never mastered the mother tongue that their parents spoke and because the limited English skill the parents command, the home conversation often limited to what I call “kitchen talk”. This is limited to day to day thing, like what you done today, what we having for dinner etc. However discussion of news topic, deeper discussions etc are all next to impossible.

Chipping Norton, Newbridge Heights and Nuwarra Public School Catchment Map Added

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A mini update here, only three public school catchment mapped this time around.

  • Chipping Norton Public School
  • Newbridge Heights Public School
  • Nuwarra Public School

As usual contact the school in question or Department of Education for the final confirmation and you can also access the full NSW and Sydney Public School Catchment Map by following this link.

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What the Chatswood Public School Catchment May Like in 2016 and 2019

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Facing mounting enrolment pressure, a number of new public schools are being opened or expanded in Sydney North Shore area. What this means is once the new expansion and schools open, the existing catchment will change significantly. One prime example of this is Chatswood Public School. The school itself is under extreme enrolment number pressure and current proposal is to shift entire year 3 and 4 to the new demountables to be build on the grounds of Chatswood High School.

There is Lindfield West Public School opening to the north west, Mowbray Public School being expanded to host triple its current capacity to the west. Artarmon Public School is getting 12 new classrooms to the south. Out of all three Artarmon Public School is also under similar enrolment pressure and also mounting new enrolment from all the new apartments being build in its catchment area. What this means is that even with the new expansion the boundary between Artarmon and Chatswood Public is unlikely to change. To the west with the fairly large Lindfield West Public School opening in 2019, I am expecting large slice of western part of Chatswood Public School’s catchment will be shift to the new school to relief the pressure, however this is three years away still. Mowbray Public School expansion is scheduled to finish in 2016 and I suspect South West part of Chatswood Public School’s catchment will be sliced off and given to Mowbray Public School to give an immediate relief on enrolment numbers. All the other Public Schools around Chatswood Public Schools are also over crowded and I am not expecting major changes in boundaries between them. Following is what I speculate Chatswood Public School’s catchment may look like in a few year time.

Possible Future Chatswood Public School Catchment

As usual contact the school in question or Department of Education for the final confirmation and you can also access the full NSW and Sydney Public School Catchment Map by following this link.

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Chatswood Public School expansion plan

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I was not feeling well for the last few days and basically spend the nights sleeping. I want to share something that I came across while researching on the Mowbray Public School. We all know Chatswood Public is severally overcrowded and enrolment had increased by 40 percent from 2008 to 2014. Also with the completion of new multi level apartments in rapid succession, this is just going to get worse in a big way. What this proposal wanted to do is build 12 demountables and refurbish the existing ones on eastern side of Chatswood High School to accommodate 300 students form year 3 and 4 to alleviate the pressure on the Chatswood Public School. More detail can be found on Chatswood Public School website by clicking this link.

Chatswood Public School Expansion plan

I also agree with many that this really is a rob Peter to pay Paul situation. Public Schools at secondary level are just as crowded. How short sight of State governments to close and sell off all those public schools, now they had to scramble to find and open new schools at great cost in today’s much inflated real estate price.

However with the opening of Mowbray Public School’s expansion in 2016 and Lindfield West Public School in 2019, I think it is very likely that large section of Chatswood Public School Catchment to the west will be partitioned off and handed to those school. This will allow Chatswood Public School some room and space to deal with increase in enrolment that the new constructions around station will result in. It is unlikely after all the new apartments in Chatswood are built and occupied that Chatswood Public School in its current state can handle the influx, so something really has to be done about it.

As usual contact the school in question or Department of Education for the final confirmation and you can also access the full NSW and Sydney Public School Catchment Map by following this link.

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